Academism
Academism (from the French academisme) is a direction in European painting of the 16th-19th centuries. It was based on dogmatic following the external forms of classical art. Followers characterized this…

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Neorealism
Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States,…

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Kitsch, kitsch
Kitsch, kitsch (from German kitsch - bad taste) is a term denoting one of the most odious phenomena of mass culture, a synonym for pseudo-art, in which the main attention…

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Neorealism

Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States, whose representatives, against the backdrop of modernist art, proclaimed a return to the realistic values ​​of traditional visual forms.

This movement was initiated by the Fronte Nuovo Delle Arti, founded in 1946, which brought together anti-fascist artists from various fields, from realism to abstract art. Their goal was to overcome the pessimism of the post-war world and call for a return to art expressing universal values. In 1950, the association broke up, and the realists created an independent group, which included Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Muki, Ernesto Trekkani, Armando Pizzinato.

The main theme of their work was the image of post-war Italy, the lives of workers and peasants, their struggle for their rights. The painting of neorealism is characterized by a dynamic composition, energetic modeling of volumes, rich color and expressive writing. Artistic movements close to Italian neo-realism manifested themselves in the art of a number of countries in Europe and America, nominating such leaders as Mexicans Diego Rivera and Leopoldo Mendes, Romanians Cornelius Baba, German Fritz Kremer, French Boris Taslitsky and Andre Fougeron.

With their art, neo-realist artists affirmed the ideas of humanism, the importance of simple life values, kindness and justice in human relations, the equality of people regardless of their property status.

Masters of neorealism: Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Muki, Ernesto Treccani, Giuseppe Dzigayno, Armando Pizzinato, Boris Taslitsky, Andre Fougeron, Diego Rivera, Leopoldo Mendes.

Geometric abstractionism
Geometric abstractionism (other names - cold abstraction, logical, intellectual abstractionism) is a trend in abstract art based on the creation of art space by combining various geometric shapes, color planes,…

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Luchism
Luchism (rayonismus, from the French.rayon - ray) is an art school in Russian art of the 1910s, associated with the names of Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova. In 1913, at…

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Mannerism
Mannerism (Mannerism, Italian. Maniera - style, manner), a term used in the theory of fine art. He became popular thanks to the artist and biographer of the 16th century Vasari,…

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The art of action, the abstraction of gestures
The art of action, the abstraction of gestures (from English action painting) is a trend in American painting of the mid-twentieth century, in which paint is spontaneously applied to the…

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