Avant-gardism
Avant-gardism (from the French avant-garde - advanced detachment) - a set of experimental, modernist, emphasized unusual, exploratory endeavors in the art of the 20th century. The avant-garde directions are: Fauvism,…

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Minimalism
Minimalism (came from the English. Minimal art - minimal art) is an artistic movement proceeding from a minimal transformation of materials used in the process of creation, simplicity and uniformity…

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Analytical cubism
Analytical cubism is the second phase of cubism, characterized by a gradual blurring of the differences between form and space and the disappearance of images of objects. In the paintings…

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Neorealism

Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States, whose representatives, against the backdrop of modernist art, proclaimed a return to the realistic values ​​of traditional visual forms.

This movement was initiated by the Fronte Nuovo Delle Arti, founded in 1946, which brought together anti-fascist artists from various fields, from realism to abstract art. Their goal was to overcome the pessimism of the post-war world and call for a return to art expressing universal values. In 1950, the association broke up, and the realists created an independent group, which included Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Muki, Ernesto Trekkani, Armando Pizzinato.

The main theme of their work was the image of post-war Italy, the lives of workers and peasants, their struggle for their rights. The painting of neorealism is characterized by a dynamic composition, energetic modeling of volumes, rich color and expressive writing. Artistic movements close to Italian neo-realism manifested themselves in the art of a number of countries in Europe and America, nominating such leaders as Mexicans Diego Rivera and Leopoldo Mendes, Romanians Cornelius Baba, German Fritz Kremer, French Boris Taslitsky and Andre Fougeron.

With their art, neo-realist artists affirmed the ideas of humanism, the importance of simple life values, kindness and justice in human relations, the equality of people regardless of their property status.

Masters of neorealism: Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Muki, Ernesto Treccani, Giuseppe Dzigayno, Armando Pizzinato, Boris Taslitsky, Andre Fougeron, Diego Rivera, Leopoldo Mendes.

Underground
Underground (from the English underground - underground, underground) is a series of artistic trends in contemporary art that oppose themselves to mass culture and the mainstream. The underground rejects and…

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Neorealism
Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States,…

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Divisionism
Divisionism (from the French division - division), pointillism - the direction of neo-impressionism, writing in separate clear strokes in the form of dots or small squares. The mixing of colors…

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Naturalism
Naturalism - (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura - nature) - a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the…

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