Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States, whose representatives, against the backdrop of modernist art, proclaimed a return to the realistic values of traditional visual forms.
This movement was initiated by the Fronte Nuovo Delle Arti, founded in 1946, which brought together anti-fascist artists from various fields, from realism to abstract art. Their goal was to overcome the pessimism of the post-war world and call for a return to art expressing universal values. In 1950, the association broke up, and the realists created an independent group, which included Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Muki, Ernesto Trekkani, Armando Pizzinato.
The main theme of their work was the image of post-war Italy, the lives of workers and peasants, their struggle for their rights. The painting of neorealism is characterized by a dynamic composition, energetic modeling of volumes, rich color and expressive writing. Artistic movements close to Italian neo-realism manifested themselves in the art of a number of countries in Europe and America, nominating such leaders as Mexicans Diego Rivera and Leopoldo Mendes, Romanians Cornelius Baba, German Fritz Kremer, French Boris Taslitsky and Andre Fougeron.
With their art, neo-realist artists affirmed the ideas of humanism, the importance of simple life values, kindness and justice in human relations, the equality of people regardless of their property status.
Masters of neorealism: Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Muki, Ernesto Treccani, Giuseppe Dzigayno, Armando Pizzinato, Boris Taslitsky, Andre Fougeron, Diego Rivera, Leopoldo Mendes.