Art Deco
Art Deco (from the French art deco, abbr. From decoratif) - a direction in art in the middle of the 20th century, which marked the synthesis of avant-garde and neoclassicism,…

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Lyrical abstraction
Lyrical abstraction, lyrical-emotional, psychological abstractionism is one of the areas of abstract art, which is characterized by a desire for a direct expression of the artist’s emotional, mental states and…

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Modernism
Modernism (came from Italian. Modernismo - "modern movement") - the general name of the directions of art and literature of the late 19-20 century: cubism, Dada, surrealism, modern, futurism, expressionism,…

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Neoplasticism

Neoplasticism is one of the earliest varieties of abstract art. Created by 1917 by the Dutch painter P. Mondrian and other artists included in the association “Style”. According to its creators, neoplasticism is characterized by a desire for “universal harmony”, expressed in strictly balanced combinations of large rectangular shapes clearly separated by black perpendicular lines and painted in local colors of the main spectrum (with the addition of white and gray tones).

Neoplasticism claimed clarity, simplicity, and constructiveness of pure, unnatural geometrical forms. In substantiating his theory, Mondrian was guided by the idea of ​​illusory nature of the contradictory nature of our world, its subjectivity. The artist’s task is to free life relations from immersion in natural forms, clean them from nature (“denature”) and give them a new formation. In an effort to free painting from Mondrian, he abandons sensual forms (figurative) in the name of aesthetic (abstract).

Mondrian is the author of geometric abstractions, “revealing the logic of beauty.” The pictorial means of neoplasticism are extremely concise: only combinations with perpendicular intersections of straight lines are allowed, the resulting planes are painted with the three main colors of the spectrum – red, blue, yellow. The structure of the picture is based on the opposite of the elements: color – not color (black, white, gray), vertical – horizontal, large surface (not colors) – small surface (colors), the unity of which, according to the author of the concept, symbolizes the balance of forces in harmony of the universe .

The formation of neoplasticism dates back to 1912-1917. Later, his ideas were developed in the magazine De Steyl (“Style”), organized by Mondrian in collaboration with Theo Van Dusburg, which existed from 1917 to 1928, and the eponymous art association. A series of articles outlining the basics of neoplasticism published in the magazine resulted in the final brochure Neo-Plasticism, published in 1920. Despite the rather limited artistic possibilities, Mondrian’s theory influenced the development of architecture, decorative arts, design, and industrial graphics.

Masters of Neoplasticism: Pete Mondrian, Theo Van Dusburg, Jean Albert Gorin, Ilya Bolotovsky.

Naturalism
Naturalism - (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura - nature) - a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the…

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Neo-pop
Neo-pop, neo-pop art or post-pop is a trend in modern painting that arose in the 80s of the XX century as a reaction to conceptualism and minimalism. Neo-pop is not…

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Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism
Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism - a style in painting and sculpture, based on the photorealization of the object. Hyperrealism arose in the USA in the middle of the 20th century. The…

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Avant-gardism
Avant-gardism (from the French avant-garde - advanced detachment) - a set of experimental, modernist, emphasized unusual, exploratory endeavors in the art of the 20th century. The avant-garde directions are: Fauvism,…

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