Geometric abstractionism
Geometric abstractionism (other names - cold abstraction, logical, intellectual abstractionism) is a trend in abstract art based on the creation of art space by combining various geometric shapes, color planes,…

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Mannerism
Mannerism (Mannerism, Italian. Maniera - style, manner), a term used in the theory of fine art. He became popular thanks to the artist and biographer of the 16th century Vasari,…

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Divisionism
Divisionism (from the French division - division), pointillism - the direction of neo-impressionism, writing in separate clear strokes in the form of dots or small squares. The mixing of colors…

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Neoplasticism

Neoplasticism is one of the earliest varieties of abstract art. Created by 1917 by the Dutch painter P. Mondrian and other artists included in the association “Style”. According to its creators, neoplasticism is characterized by a desire for “universal harmony”, expressed in strictly balanced combinations of large rectangular shapes clearly separated by black perpendicular lines and painted in local colors of the main spectrum (with the addition of white and gray tones).

Neoplasticism claimed clarity, simplicity, and constructiveness of pure, unnatural geometrical forms. In substantiating his theory, Mondrian was guided by the idea of ​​illusory nature of the contradictory nature of our world, its subjectivity. The artist’s task is to free life relations from immersion in natural forms, clean them from nature (“denature”) and give them a new formation. In an effort to free painting from Mondrian, he abandons sensual forms (figurative) in the name of aesthetic (abstract).

Mondrian is the author of geometric abstractions, “revealing the logic of beauty.” The pictorial means of neoplasticism are extremely concise: only combinations with perpendicular intersections of straight lines are allowed, the resulting planes are painted with the three main colors of the spectrum – red, blue, yellow. The structure of the picture is based on the opposite of the elements: color – not color (black, white, gray), vertical – horizontal, large surface (not colors) – small surface (colors), the unity of which, according to the author of the concept, symbolizes the balance of forces in harmony of the universe .

The formation of neoplasticism dates back to 1912-1917. Later, his ideas were developed in the magazine De Steyl (“Style”), organized by Mondrian in collaboration with Theo Van Dusburg, which existed from 1917 to 1928, and the eponymous art association. A series of articles outlining the basics of neoplasticism published in the magazine resulted in the final brochure Neo-Plasticism, published in 1920. Despite the rather limited artistic possibilities, Mondrian’s theory influenced the development of architecture, decorative arts, design, and industrial graphics.

Masters of Neoplasticism: Pete Mondrian, Theo Van Dusburg, Jean Albert Gorin, Ilya Bolotovsky.

Baroque
Baroque (from Italian. Barocco - strange, bizarre) - from the end of the XVI to the middle of the XVIII centuries. was the mainstream dominating in Europe and America. A…

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Metarealism
Metarealism (came from the Greek meta - between, after, through, and gealis - material, real) is the realism of many realities connected by the continuity of metabolic transformations and state…

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Impressionism
Impressionism (from French impression - impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried…

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Empire
Empire (from the French. Empire - empire) - a style in architecture and decorative art that arose in France at the beginning of the 19th century, during the First Empire…

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