Naturalism
Naturalism - (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura - nature) - a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the…

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Empire
Empire (from the French. Empire - empire) - a style in architecture and decorative art that arose in France at the beginning of the 19th century, during the First Empire…

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Abstractionism
Abstractionism (from Latin abstraction– distraction, removal) is one of the directions in the art of the 20th century, the essence of which was the complete rejection of the depiction of…

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Neoplasticism

Neoplasticism is one of the earliest varieties of abstract art. Created by 1917 by the Dutch painter P. Mondrian and other artists included in the association “Style”. According to its creators, neoplasticism is characterized by a desire for “universal harmony”, expressed in strictly balanced combinations of large rectangular shapes clearly separated by black perpendicular lines and painted in local colors of the main spectrum (with the addition of white and gray tones).

Neoplasticism claimed clarity, simplicity, and constructiveness of pure, unnatural geometrical forms. In substantiating his theory, Mondrian was guided by the idea of ​​illusory nature of the contradictory nature of our world, its subjectivity. The artist’s task is to free life relations from immersion in natural forms, clean them from nature (“denature”) and give them a new formation. In an effort to free painting from Mondrian, he abandons sensual forms (figurative) in the name of aesthetic (abstract).

Mondrian is the author of geometric abstractions, “revealing the logic of beauty.” The pictorial means of neoplasticism are extremely concise: only combinations with perpendicular intersections of straight lines are allowed, the resulting planes are painted with the three main colors of the spectrum – red, blue, yellow. The structure of the picture is based on the opposite of the elements: color – not color (black, white, gray), vertical – horizontal, large surface (not colors) – small surface (colors), the unity of which, according to the author of the concept, symbolizes the balance of forces in harmony of the universe .

The formation of neoplasticism dates back to 1912-1917. Later, his ideas were developed in the magazine De Steyl (“Style”), organized by Mondrian in collaboration with Theo Van Dusburg, which existed from 1917 to 1928, and the eponymous art association. A series of articles outlining the basics of neoplasticism published in the magazine resulted in the final brochure Neo-Plasticism, published in 1920. Despite the rather limited artistic possibilities, Mondrian’s theory influenced the development of architecture, decorative arts, design, and industrial graphics.

Masters of Neoplasticism: Pete Mondrian, Theo Van Dusburg, Jean Albert Gorin, Ilya Bolotovsky.

Baroque
Baroque (from Italian. Barocco - strange, bizarre) - from the end of the XVI to the middle of the XVIII centuries. was the mainstream dominating in Europe and America. A…

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Hard edges painting
Hard edges painting (from the English hard edge) is the direction of abstract painting of the 2nd half of the 20th century, in which color spots are separated by hard…

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Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism
Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism - a style in painting and sculpture, based on the photorealization of the object. Hyperrealism arose in the USA in the middle of the 20th century. The…

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Neo-pop
Neo-pop, neo-pop art or post-pop is a trend in modern painting that arose in the 80s of the XX century as a reaction to conceptualism and minimalism. Neo-pop is not…

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