Primitivism. Naive art (From lat. Primitivus – the first, earliest) is the general name of the work of unprofessional artists of the late XIX-XX centuries, not familiar with literacy and consciously cultivating a certain “incorrectness” of their works. This is not just about unprofessional art, but about artists involved in the general art process of that time, who had some influence on contemporary professional art. Primitive artists include A. Russo, K. Bombois, L. Serafin, N. Pirosmani and others who have gained worldwide fame.
Sometimes primitivism is understood as the conscious use of primitive art forms in the work of professional artists: children’s drawings, folk art, art of other, usually exotic cultures.
Neo-primitivism. The set of artistic techniques inherent in the art of the late XIX-XX centuries. and those consisting in deliberate simplification of artistic means and forms in order to achieve the greatest expressiveness, for example, the use of bright, local color, distorted design, simple composition, etc.Moreover, neo-primitivism relies on the experience of primitive art (the art of archaic cultures, folk art, etc. .P.).
Neo-primitivism was reflected in the work of almost all the leading masters of the 20th century. The culture of the islanders inspired P. Gauguin, the sculpture of the peoples of Africa influenced the Cubists, etc. Neoprimitivism played a special role in the formation of the Russian avant-garde. The term itself was established in art history after the appearance of the manifesto of Russian neo-primitivists in 1913.