Modernism (came from Italian. Modernismo – “modern movement”) – the general name of the directions of art and literature of the late 19-20 century: cubism, Dada, surrealism, modern, futurism, expressionism, abstract art, functionalism, neo-impressionism, post-impressionism, etc. .
Modernism is a set of artistic trends that arose in art in the form of new forms of creativity, in which not so much following the spirit of nature and tradition prevailed, but rather the free look of a master creator who changes the visible world at his discretion, following his personal impression, inner idea or mystical dream . The most significant modernist trends were impressionism, symbolism and modernism, although this includes expressionism, neo- and post-impressionism, Fauvism, cubism, futurism and later movements – abstract art, Dada, surrealism. Continue reading
Minimalism (came from the English. Minimal art – minimal art) is an artistic movement proceeding from a minimal transformation of materials used in the process of creation, simplicity and uniformity of forms, monochrome, creative self-restriction of the artist. Minimalism is characterized by a rejection of subjectivity, representation, and illusionism. Rejecting classical techniques and traditional art materials, minimalists use industrial and natural materials of simple geometric shapes and neutral colors (black, gray), small volumes, they use serial, conveyor methods of industrial production. Minimalism arose in the USA in the first half of the 60s. Among the most representative minimalists: C. Andre, M. Bochner, W. De Maria, D. Flavin, S. Le Witt, R. Mangold, B. Merden, R. Morris, R. Rayman. Continue reading
Art Nouveau (came from the French moderne – the newest, most modern) – style in European and American style on the shore of the XIX-XX centuries. Art Nouveau reinterpreted and stylized the features of the art of different epoxes, and worked out appropriate techniques, based on the principle of asymmetry, ornamentality and decorativeness. Its distinctive features are: the rejection of straight lines and angles in favor of more natural, natural lines. This is not only a matter of interest to the solid components in the products, but their size is also very small, and they are very small in size. Artists who wrote in the Art Nouveau style: Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), Alphonse Mucha.
Art Nouveau painting was filled with the poetics of symbolism, combining its characteristic images with a complex rhythm, a linear composition in conjunction with a decorative color spot. Signs of the Art Nouveau style are considered to be a special smoothness of forms, elongated figures, underlined contours, clear monochromatic surfaces. Continue reading
Metaphysical painting – (from the Greek meta – after and phisika – nature, metaphysics – the science of spiritual phenomena inaccessible to experienced knowledge, the transcendental principles of the world) – a trend in Italian art that arose in 1916 in Ferrara. Its creators were painters Giorgio De Chirico, Carlo Carra, Giorgio Morandi. Subsequently, Morandi and Carra changed their style and de Chirico remained the only leader, in the paintings of which the geometrization and stiffness of forms symbolized “eternity, the metaphysics of time and space”, irrational connections between externally unrelated objects. Metaphysical art was not widespread, but had a great influence on other artists. It was close to symbolism and became the forerunner of another powerful art movement – surrealism. Continue reading
Metarealism (came from the Greek meta – between, after, through, and gealis – material, real) is the realism of many realities connected by the continuity of metabolic transformations and state changes. There is a reality open to the ant’s vision, and a reality open to the wandering of an electron, and a reality folded into a mathematical formula. The metareal image, metamorphosis, metabolism is a way of interconnecting all these realities, affirming their growing unity.
Metarealism is a style in Russian literature and art that took shape in the 70s, but gained fame in the 80s. Representatives of metarealism. In poetry – I. Zhdanov, O. Sedakova, V. Aristov, A. Parshchikov, I. Kutik, A. Eremenko, V. Salimon and others. In painting: E. Dybsky, Z. Sherman, E. Gor, B .Morkovnikov, A. Tsedlik and others. Continue reading