Underground
Underground (from the English underground - underground, underground) is a series of artistic trends in contemporary art that oppose themselves to mass culture and the mainstream. The underground rejects and…

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Verism
Verism (from Italian. Il verismo, from the word vero - true, truthful) is a realistic trend in Italian fine art of the late 19th century. The term originated in the…

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Ar brut
Ar brut (French Art brut - rough, raw art) is a trend in European art of the mid-twentieth century, the founder and leader of which was the French artist Jean…

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Orphism

Orphism

Orphism (French orphisme, named after the character of the ancient Greek mythology of the singer Orpheus) is a trend in European painting of the 1910s, close to cubism and futurism. The term “Orphism” was invented by the poet and art critic Guillaume Apollinaire (Orphism as the culprit of Orpheus) to characterize the work of Robert Delaunay and publicly announced during a lecture on contemporary painting in October 1912. The proposed name, the poet apparently wanted to emphasize a particular musicality , intuitiveness, irrationality of abstract art Delaunay.

Subsequently, Apollinaire extended this concept to the work of cubists, Dadaists and artists of the Blue Horseman group (Kandinsky, Mark, Macke, Yavlensky), introducing a certain confusion into the essence of the concept itself.

Orphism is a local, short-lived stream in painting, represented by the names of Robert Delaunay, his wife Sonya Terk-Delaunay, Frantisek Kupka and their few followers, among whom the most prominent figures were Fernand Leger, Francis Picabia, Vladimir Baranova-Rossine. Continue reading

Analytical cubism

Analytical cubism is the second phase of cubism, characterized by a gradual blurring of the differences between form and space and the disappearance of images of objects. In the paintings of this period appear translucent, iridescent, intersecting planes, the position of which is not clearly defined. The arrangement of forms in space and their relation to large compositional masses are constantly changing. The result is a visual interaction of form and space. Analytical cubism was developed by artists from the Golden Section artistic association: Albert Gleize, Marcel Duchamp, Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Jean Metzinger and Jacques Villon.

In the paintings of this period, iridescent colors appear translucent intersecting planes, the position of which is not clearly defined. Continue reading

Neo-impressionism
Neo-impressionism - (French neoimpressionisme) - a kind of post-impressionism; the artistic direction in painting that arose in France around 1885, the main theorist and inspirer of which was Georges Seurat.…

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Neo-impressionism
Neo-impressionism - (French neoimpressionisme) - a kind of post-impressionism; the artistic direction in painting that arose in France around 1885, the main theorist and inspirer of which was Georges Seurat.…

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The new materiality
The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s - early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of…

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Neorealism
Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States,…

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