Luchism (rayonismus, from the French.rayon – ray) is an art school in Russian art of the 1910s, associated with the names of Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova.
In 1913, at the Target exhibition, luchism was introduced to the general public as a new trend in modern painting. In the same year, a manifesto was published revealing the principles of rayism: the purpose of painting is to convey the fourth dimension, where other pictorial laws and techniques rule. The artist should not depict the objects themselves (visible forms), but the color rays reflected from them (internal essence); convey on the canvas the impressions arising from the meeting in the space of intersecting light and energy rays of various objects. Continue reading
Cubofuturism is a trend in the art of avant-garde in the early twentieth century, combining the achievements of Italian futurists and French cubists. In the visual arts, cubofuturism arose on the basis of a rethinking of the art theories of Cezannism, Cubism, Futurism and Russian neo-primitivism, revealing an eclectic phenomenon with a bright national color. The new aesthetics (the second name is “Russian Cubism”), which existed for a short period of time – from 1911 to 1916, served as a transitional stage from the artistic searches of the early twentieth century. To the largest trends and truly original creations of the Russian avant-garde – Suprematism of K. Malevich, constructivism of V. Tatlin and E. Lisitsky, analytical art of P. Filonov. Continue reading