Neoplasticism
Neoplasticism is one of the earliest varieties of abstract art. Created by 1917 by the Dutch painter P. Mondrian and other artists included in the association "Style". According to its…

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Metarealism
Metarealism (came from the Greek meta - between, after, through, and gealis - material, real) is the realism of many realities connected by the continuity of metabolic transformations and state…

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Analytical art
Analytical art is an artistic method developed and justified by Pavel Filonov in theoretical works (“Canon and the Law”, 1912; “Paintings Made”, 1914; “Declaration of the World Prosperity”, 1923) and…

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Francesco Paolo Michetti

Naturalism

Naturalism – (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura – nature) – a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the USA. Under the influence of the ideas of positivism, the main representatives of which were O. Comte and G. Spencer, this movement strove for an objective and dispassionate depiction of reality, likening artistic knowledge to scientific, proceeded from the idea of ​​the complete predetermination of fate, the dependence of the spiritual world of a person on the social environment, heredity and physiology.

In the field of art, naturalism was developed primarily in the works of French writers – brothers E. and J. Goncurov and Emil Zola, who believed that the artist should reflect the world around him without any embellishment, conventions and taboos, with maximum objectivity, positivistic truth. Continue reading

Verism

Verism (from Italian. Il verismo, from the word vero – true, truthful) is a realistic trend in Italian fine art of the late 19th century. The term originated in the 17th century, was used in the visual arts and denoted a realistic stream in Baroque painting. Then the term is revived in the second half of the 19th century, being a designation (very vague, vague) of a realistic and naturalistic trend in Italian art. The most famous artists of this direction are J. Fattori, S. Lega, T. Sinrini, O. Borrani, V. Kabyanka, J. Abbati and others.

The principles of verisma were formed mainly under the influence of French naturalism. Relying on the work of E. Zola, G. Flaubert and G. de Maupassant, verists set the main tasks of their work to be objective and a scientific approach to the study of facts (from the standpoint of positivism) in depicting the life realities of modern Italian society, everyday life and psychology of ordinary people. Continue reading

The new materiality
The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s - early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of…

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Op art
Op art (from English op art, short for optical art - optical art) is a neo-avant-garde trend in the visual arts, one of the later modifications of abstract art. In…

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Cubism
Cubism (from French cubisme, came from cube - cube) is a modernist trend in painting of the early twentieth century, which highlighted the formal task of constructing volumetric shapes on…

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Luchism
Luchism (rayonismus, from the French.rayon - ray) is an art school in Russian art of the 1910s, associated with the names of Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova. In 1913, at…

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