Primitivism
Primitivism is a painting style that originated in the XIX-XX centuries. The primitivists intentionally simplified the picture, making its forms primitive, like folk art, the work of a child or…

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Impressionism
Impressionism (from French impression - impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried…

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Mannerism
Mannerism (Mannerism, Italian. Maniera - style, manner), a term used in the theory of fine art. He became popular thanks to the artist and biographer of the 16th century Vasari,…

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Francesco Paolo Michetti

Naturalism

Naturalism – (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura – nature) – a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the USA. Under the influence of the ideas of positivism, the main representatives of which were O. Comte and G. Spencer, this movement strove for an objective and dispassionate depiction of reality, likening artistic knowledge to scientific, proceeded from the idea of ​​the complete predetermination of fate, the dependence of the spiritual world of a person on the social environment, heredity and physiology.

In the field of art, naturalism was developed primarily in the works of French writers – brothers E. and J. Goncurov and Emil Zola, who believed that the artist should reflect the world around him without any embellishment, conventions and taboos, with maximum objectivity, positivistic truth. Continue reading

Verism

Verism (from Italian. Il verismo, from the word vero – true, truthful) is a realistic trend in Italian fine art of the late 19th century. The term originated in the 17th century, was used in the visual arts and denoted a realistic stream in Baroque painting. Then the term is revived in the second half of the 19th century, being a designation (very vague, vague) of a realistic and naturalistic trend in Italian art. The most famous artists of this direction are J. Fattori, S. Lega, T. Sinrini, O. Borrani, V. Kabyanka, J. Abbati and others.

The principles of verisma were formed mainly under the influence of French naturalism. Relying on the work of E. Zola, G. Flaubert and G. de Maupassant, verists set the main tasks of their work to be objective and a scientific approach to the study of facts (from the standpoint of positivism) in depicting the life realities of modern Italian society, everyday life and psychology of ordinary people. Continue reading

Lyrical abstraction
Lyrical abstraction, lyrical-emotional, psychological abstractionism is one of the areas of abstract art, which is characterized by a desire for a direct expression of the artist’s emotional, mental states and…

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Dadaism
Dadaism (descended from French dadaisme, dada - a wooden horse; figuratively - incoherent baby talk) is a modernist literary and artistic movement of 1916-1922, which is characterized by conscious irrationalism…

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Abstract expressionism
Abstract expressionism (Eng. Abstract expressionism) - a trend in abstract art that arose in the United States in the 1940s. and represented mainly by a flock of artists of the…

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Ar brut
Ar brut (French Art brut - rough, raw art) is a trend in European art of the mid-twentieth century, the founder and leader of which was the French artist Jean…

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