Academism
Academism (from the French academisme) is a direction in European painting of the 16th-19th centuries. It was based on dogmatic following the external forms of classical art. Followers characterized this…

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Naturalism
Naturalism - (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura - nature) - a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the…

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Avant-gardism
Avant-gardism (from the French avant-garde - advanced detachment) - a set of experimental, modernist, emphasized unusual, exploratory endeavors in the art of the 20th century. The avant-garde directions are: Fauvism,…

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Fernand Leger

Orphism

Orphism (French orphisme, named after the character of the ancient Greek mythology of the singer Orpheus) is a trend in European painting of the 1910s, close to cubism and futurism. The term “Orphism” was invented by the poet and art critic Guillaume Apollinaire (Orphism as the culprit of Orpheus) to characterize the work of Robert Delaunay and publicly announced during a lecture on contemporary painting in October 1912. The proposed name, the poet apparently wanted to emphasize a particular musicality , intuitiveness, irrationality of abstract art Delaunay.

Subsequently, Apollinaire extended this concept to the work of cubists, Dadaists and artists of the Blue Horseman group (Kandinsky, Mark, Macke, Yavlensky), introducing a certain confusion into the essence of the concept itself.

Orphism is a local, short-lived stream in painting, represented by the names of Robert Delaunay, his wife Sonya Terk-Delaunay, Frantisek Kupka and their few followers, among whom the most prominent figures were Fernand Leger, Francis Picabia, Vladimir Baranova-Rossine. Continue reading

Luchism
Luchism (rayonismus, from the French.rayon - ray) is an art school in Russian art of the 1910s, associated with the names of Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova. In 1913, at…

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Kinetic art
Kinetic art - (came from the Greek. Kineticos - driving) - the trend in modern art, associated with the widespread use of moving objects, which is based on the idea…

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Impressionism
Impressionism (from French impression - impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried…

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Gothic
Gothic (from Italian. Gotico - unusual, barbaric) is a period in the development of medieval art, covering almost all areas of culture and developing in Western, Central and partly Eastern…

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