Abstract expressionism (Eng. Abstract expressionism) – a trend in abstract art that arose in the United States in the 1940s. and represented mainly by a flock of artists of the so-called New York School. Taking its roots in the early works of V. Kandinsky, partly in expressionism and adaism, abstraction expressionism was formed under the influence of surrealism and its fundamental principle of mental automatism, perceived by American artists from European artists who emigrated overseas during the Second World War: P. Mondrian, A. Breton, S. Dali, M. Ernst, R. Matt.
Following surrealism, abstract expressionism continued to “liberate” art from any control of the mind and logical laws, setting as its goal the spontaneous expression of the artist’s inner world, his subconscious in chaotic, abstract forms and taking as his main creative principle the spontaneous, automatic application of paints to the canvas, occurring solely under the influence of mental and emotional states. Continue reading